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Get started with Adobe Animate. Find tutorials, the user guide, answers to common questions, and help from the community forum. Free Trial; Buy now Adobe Animate Learn & Support. Search. Learn what’s new in Animate! Get Started. Download, find membership help, and learn the basics Adobe Illustrator. Adobe Photoshop. See all apps Adobe. Feb 01,  · Free! Download the new edition of the ‘Creative Cloud Design Basics’ book — and learn how to best use Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign & XD with easy tutorials. Get started with Adobe Dreamweaver. Find tutorials, the user guide, answers to common questions, and help from the community forum. Free Trial; Buy now Adobe Dreamweaver Learn & Support. Search. Learn what’s new in Dreamweaver! Get Started. Learn the basics and start your first project. Tutorials. Adobe Illustrator Draw. Adobe Photoshop.

Adobe illustrator cs4 book free


Adobe Illustrator CS4. Author Adobe Creative Team. Book Format: pdf. Sented by Shon. Sented by Jacob. Sented by Daniel. Sented by Emma. Sented by Sarah Gerdes. Sented by Rebecca. Sented by Luis. During the heydays of contemporary Nigerian artists, art scholars like Uche Okeke, Chike Aniakor, and Obiora Udechukwu, to mention a few, used visual metaphors to portray some of the Igbo folklore, particularly in the form of Uli lines. Today, digital media in Nigeria is not farfetched.

However, much experiments and visual expressions of Igbo folklore have not been explored using these modern digital media. In view of this, this study uses Adobe Photoshop CS4, a digital draw and paint tool, to illustrate some of the notable folktales in Igbo oral tradition. Vector and Raster techniques of computer graphics will be employed and discussed. Basic information on digital illustration will also be enumerated in the project.

This piece of information will be useful to art Scholars, art teachers and art practitioners at large who intend to develop their potentials in illustration technique.

Ayesha A Anas, M. This research project addresses two significant challenges that relate to primary-grade English Language Learners ELLs. The first challenge addresses vocabulary learning as the leading problem for ELLs to gain linguistic proficiency.

Through the content analysis of 36 sources, the researcher found ten ideas of instructional materials to design and create with Adobe Spark. These materials combine best practices in vocabulary instruction and evidence-based instructional design principles to enhance their effectiveness. A significant limitation of this content analysis is the absence of empirical-based research to investigate effects of the materials to determine whether they lead to positive gains in vocabulary acquisition.

The researcher further includes recommendations on conducting experiments to investigate their effectiveness on student engagement, retention, and achievement. Sessions included insightful and inspiring keynote speaker presentations, formal reports of research and iPad implementation activities, exploratory working sessions, and skill-based, hands-on workshops.

Attendees represented 28 US states and 11 countries across five continents in diverse roles such as researchers, faculty, administrators, IT specialists, and students from a wide variety of academic disciplines. Log in with Facebook Log in with Google. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

Need an account? Click here to sign up. Download Free PDF. Imam Upryan. Related Papers. Andrea Marks approaches the craft of writing from many directions. Game-inspired character sheets as learning materials. Sorry, this document isn’t available for viewing at this time. In the meantime, you can download the document by clicking the ‘Download’ button above.


: Adobe Illustrator CS4 Classroom in a Book eBook : Adobe Creative Team: Books.


Washington, D. The city was named for George Washington , a Founding Father and the first president of the United States , [10] and the federal district is named after Columbia , a female personification of the nation. As the seat of the U. The U. Constitution provides for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of Congress; the district is therefore not a part of any U.

The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, , approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River near the country’s East Coast. The City of Washington was founded in to serve as the national capital, and Congress held its first session there in In , the territory, formerly part of Maryland and Virginia including the settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria , officially became recognized as the federal district.

In , Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia , including the city of Alexandria; in , it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the district. There have been efforts to make the city into a state since the s, a movement that has gained momentum in recent years, and a statehood bill passed the House of Representatives in The city is divided into quadrants centered on the Capitol Building , and there are as many as neighborhoods.

According to the Census , it has a population of ,, [2] which makes it the 20th-most populous city in the U. The three branches of the U. Washington is home to many national monuments and museums , primarily situated on or around the National Mall. A locally elected mayor and a member council have governed the district since Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. The district has no representation at all in the Senate. District voters choose three presidential electors in accordance with the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution , ratified in Various tribes of the Algonquian -speaking Piscataway people also known as the Conoy inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century.

One group known as the Nacotchtank also called the Nacostines by Catholic missionaries maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in near Point of Rocks, Maryland. On October 6, forced by the Pennsylvania Mutiny of to Princeton, New Jersey , Congress resolved itself into a committee of the whole, to take into consideration, respecting a place for the permanent residence of Congress.

In his Federalist No. Article One, Section Eight , of the Constitution permits the establishment of a “District not exceeding ten miles square as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States”.

In what is now known as the Compromise of , Madison, Alexander Hamilton , and Thomas Jefferson agreed that the federal government would pay each state’s remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the Southern United States.

On July 9, , Congress passed the Residence Act , which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River. The exact location was to be selected by President George Washington , who signed the bill into law on July Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles 16 km on each side, totaling square miles km 2.

Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, Maryland , founded in , [26] and the port city of Alexandria, Virginia , founded in A new federal city was then constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown.

On September 9, , the three commissioners overseeing the capital’s construction named the city in honor of President Washington.

The same day, the federal district was named Columbia a feminine form of ” Columbus ” , which was a poetic name for the United States commonly in use at that time. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of which officially organized the district and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal government. Further, the area within the district was organized into two counties: the County of Washington to the east or north of the Potomac and the County of Alexandria to the west or south.

On August 24—25, , in a raid known as the Burning of Washington , British forces invaded the capital during the War of The Capitol , Treasury , and White House were burned and gutted during the attack.

In the s, the district’s southern territory of Alexandria went into economic decline partly due to neglect by Congress. Alexandria’s citizens petitioned Virginia to take back the land it had donated to form the district, through a process known as retrocession. On July 9, , Congress agreed to return all the territory that Virginia had ceded.

Therefore, the district’s area consists only of the portion originally donated by Maryland. The outbreak of the American Civil War in led to the expansion of the federal government and notable growth in the district’s population, including a large influx of freed slaves.

Some members of Congress suggested moving the capital further west, but President Ulysses S. Grant refused to consider such a proposal. Congress passed the Organic Act of , which repealed the individual charters of the cities of Washington and Georgetown, abolished Washington County , and created a new territorial government for the whole District of Columbia. Shepherd authorized large-scale projects that greatly modernized the City of Washington, but ultimately bankrupted the district government.

In , Congress replaced the territorial government with an appointed three-member Board of Commissioners. The city’s first motorized streetcars began service in They generated growth in areas of the district beyond the City of Washington’s original boundaries. Washington’s urban plan was expanded throughout the district in the following decades.

The district was the first city in the nation to undergo urban renewal projects as part of the ” City Beautiful movement ” in the early s. Increased federal spending as a result of the New Deal in the s led to the construction of new government buildings, memorials, and museums in the district, [50] though the chairman of the House Subcommittee on District Appropriations Ross A.

Collins from Mississippi justified cuts to funds for welfare and education for local residents, saying that “my constituents wouldn’t stand for spending money on niggers. World War II further increased government activity, adding to the number of federal employees in the capital; [52] by , the district’s population reached its peak of , residents. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in , granting the district three votes in the Electoral College for the election of president and vice president, but still no voting representation in Congress.

After the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. The riots raged for three days until more than 13, federal troops and D.

Army National Guardsmen stopped the violence. Many stores and other buildings were burned; rebuilding was not completed until the late s. In , Congress enacted the District of Columbia Home Rule Act , providing for an elected mayor and thirteen-member council for the district.

East Coast. Due to the District of Columbia retrocession , the city has a total area of The south bank of the Potomac River forms the district’s border with Virginia and has two major tributaries: the Anacostia River and Rock Creek. The highest natural elevation in the district is feet m above sea level at Fort Reno Park in upper northwest Washington.

The district has 7, acres The National Park Service manages most of the 9, acres Established in , it is the country’s fourth-oldest national park and is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including raccoon, deer, owls, and coyotes.

Department of Parks and Recreation maintains the city’s acres 3. Department of Agriculture operates the acre 1. National Arboretum in Northeast Washington. The district is in plant hardiness zone 8a near downtown, and zone 7b elsewhere in the city, indicating a humid subtropical climate.

Spring and fall are mild to warm, while winter is cool to cold with annual snowfall averaging Summers are hot and humid with a July daily average of Blizzards affect Washington, on average, once every four to six years. The most violent storms are called ” nor’easters “, which often affect large sections of the East Coast.

Hurricanes or their remnants occasionally track through the area in late summer and early fall. However, they are often weak by the time they reach Washington, partly due to the city’s inland location. Precipitation occurs throughout the year. The City of Washington was a planned city. In the present day, many of the District’s streets are on a grid extending from that of the original city. He enlisted Scottish surveyor Alexander Ralston to help lay out the city plan. Andrew Ellicott , who had worked with L’Enfant surveying the city, was then tasked with completing the design.

Though Ellicott made revisions to the original plans—including changes to some street patterns—L’Enfant is still credited with the overall design of the city. By the early 20th century, L’Enfant’s vision of a grand national capital had become marred by slums and randomly placed buildings, including a railroad station on the National Mall. Congress formed a special committee charged with beautifying Washington’s ceremonial core.

The plan is thought to have largely preserved L’Enfant’s intended design. By law, the District’s skyline is low and sprawling. The federal Height of Buildings Act of allows buildings that are no taller than the width of the adjacent street, plus 20 feet 6.

City leaders have criticized the height restriction as a primary reason why the district has limited affordable housing and traffic problems caused by suburban sprawl. The axes bounding the quadrants radiate from the U. Capitol building. Most streets are set out in a grid pattern with east—west streets named with letters e. Washington hosts foreign embassies , constituting approximately buildings beyond the more than 1, residential properties owned by foreign countries, many of which are on a section of Massachusetts Avenue informally known as Embassy Row.

The architecture of Washington varies greatly. The neoclassical, Georgian, gothic, and modern architectural styles are all reflected among those six structures and many other prominent edifices in Washington.

Outside downtown Washington, architectural styles are even more varied. Rowhouses are especially prominent in areas developed after the Civil War and typically follow Federalist and late Victorian designs.

Census Bureau estimates that the district’s population was , as of July , an increase of more than , people compared to the United States Census. When measured on a decade-over-decade basis, this continues a growth trend since , following a half-century of population decline.


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